Syllabus: BIOLOGY 2251 C Human Anatomy and Physiology

Summer Session 2023 -- 8:55 - 11:30 a.m., M - Th, Peeples 113.
Laboratory: Meets in Peeples 225, 11:40 a.m. - 2:30 p.m. T - Th.

Dr. James K. Adams -- 164 Sequoya Hall            SH: 12:00 - 2:30 p.m. M;
Office: (706) 272-4427    Cell: (678) 767-5938        2:30 - 4:00 p.m. T, W (some Th); or by appt.  
Faculty website:                    DROP DATE:  June 8

Textbook: Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11th Edition, by Marieb and Hoehn
Laboratory Manual: As above (also by Marieb, with Mitchell) Main Edition (11th Edition)


Syllabus: BIOLOGY 2212 – Human Anatomy & Physiology I. 2

Weekly Schedule 3






Emergency Instructional Plan



Basic Needs Statement

Disability Access. 7

Crisis Resources. 8

Ethical Conduct. 7

Academic Dishonesty. 7

Classroom Behavior. 7

Campus Carry

Course Withdrawal Statement. 7

Full Withdrawal Statement. 7

Grade Appeals. 7

Academic Progression. 8

Title IX Information. 8

Student Well Being. 8

Officially Authorized DSC Groups and Activities

Full URL Links. 9

  Weekly Schedule:

Remember, we meet for 2 and a half hours for lecture in the morning Monday through Thursday, and for lab immediately following that on Tuesday through Thursday. There will be lab introductory videos for you to watch PRIOR to coming to lab most days. You will be notified of such in class. This will free up the lab time for doing lab work and make the days seem NOT quite as endless!

May 22 - 25: In Lecture this week we will cover the first four chapters of the text, including an introduction to the course (Chapter 1, pgs. 2-20), chapter 2 on Chemistry (both inorganic [pgs. 24-41] and organic [pgs. 41-56]), chapter 3 on the cell (pgs. 61-96), and chapter 4 on tissues (pgs. 116-145). In lab on Tuesday we will do the Language of Anatomy (exercise 1 in your Laboratory Manual) followed by a Molecular Models lab (a handout that will be given in lab). On Wednesday in lab we will do microscope/cell structure (exercises 3 and 4 in the Laboratory Manual, but abbreviated), and begin Epithelial Tissues (exercise 6). On Thursday in lab we will finish tissues, and hopefully have time to review for the lecture test on Tuesday and lab practical on Wednesday.

***Memorial Day Holiday, Monday, May 29, 2023***

May 30 - June 1: In Lecture this week, we will start with EXAM 1 on Chaps. 1 - 4 on Tuesday, May 30, 2023. We will then cover another three chapters (and parts of two others): the integumentary system (chapter 5, pgs. 150-165), bone (chapter 6, pgs. 173-191), joints (chapter 8, pgs. 251-263), cover lever systems (beginning of chapter 10), and begin muscle structure and function (chapter 9). In lab on Tuesday we will discuss a bit more about tissues. In Wednesday lab May 31, 2023 we will have our first LAB PRACTICAL on tissues. The rest of lab this week will be spent on the skeleton (chapter 7 in the text, exercises 9 and 10 in the laboratory manual).

June 5 - 8: In Lecture this week we will finish Muscle Structure & Function (chapter 9), and then cover chapter 11 on Nervous System Structure & Function and chapter 12 on the Central Nervous System. On Wednesday we will have EXAM 2 on Chaps. 5 - 6, 8 - 9 (and a little of 10), June 7, 2023. In lab, we will have LAB PRACTICAL 2, on Tuesday, June 6, 2023 on the skeleton, followed by muscle identification on Tuesday and Wednesday (chapter 10 in the text, exercise 13 in the laboratory manual). On Thursday, June 8, 2023 in lab, we will have LAB PRACTICAL 3 on muscles, followed by discussion of the central nervous system, specifically the brain (chapter 12 in the text, exercise 17 in the laboratory manual).

***June 8, 2023, last date to drop course without a grade of WF***

June 12 - 15: In Lecture this week, we will cover the Peripheral Nervous System (chapter 13, pgs. 489-517), the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS; chapter 14), and the Special Senses (chapter 15). On Tuesday, June 13, 2023 we will have EXAM 3 on Chaps. 11 - 13, and then cover the ANS. In lab on Tuesday we will cover the rest of the CNS (Spinal Cord) and the ANS. On Wednesday, June 14, 2023 we will have LAB PRACTICAL 4 on the Central Nervous System and Autonomic Nervous System and then cover the special senses, specifically the Eye and Ear, which we will continue on Thursday in lab.
***Juneteenth National Independence Day, Monday, June 19, 2023*** 

June 20: We will begin with EXAM 4 on Chaps. 14 - 15, Tuesday, June, 20, 2023. Then we will cover the endocrine System (chapter 16, pgs. 601-609 plus a HANDOUT on an overview of major glands/hormones). In lab, we will review for the final, and, for those that wish to take it, LAB PRACTICAL 5 will be offered.

FINAL: Wednesday, June 21, 2023.

Withdrawal date is Thursday, June 8, 2023.


Biology 2251 – Summer 2023; Dr. James K. Adams – 164 Sequoya Hall

            Attendance in class is recommended, but if you are absent, YOU are responsible for the material covered as well as any announcements and assignments given in class. Remember, YOU (or somebody close to you) are paying for your education, so you actually get less for your money if you do not attend class!  Attendance to all labs and tests is mandatory for all students, unless you have a reasonable and valid excuse. Make-up labs and tests will be given only if you have notified me beforehand (with reasonable and valid exceptions) that you will be absent, and only if I agree that your reasons are sound. To reach me, call my office at 272-4427, my cell at 678-767-5938, leave an e-mail message at; or you can call at home until 9:00p.m. at 706-602-6993 (Calhoun is a local call from the Dalton area).

            If you miss a test or lab without contacting me (up to 24 hours afterwards), you will receive a zero for that test or lab, even if you come to us later with a doctor’s (or other) excuse (there are, of course, exceptions for EXTREME circumstances).  When you contact me, you need to indicate when you wish to make up the missed test.  If you do it before I am done grading and returning the tests to other students, you will be allowed to have the same test, but if you schedule to make the test up after I have returned it to other students, then obviously you will get a different test.   Labs are extremely difficult to make up, so it would be best to attend another lab the same week if available. If you missed the scheduled make up time, you will receive a zero, with excuses only in extreme circumstances.  Anyone caught cheating on any assignment or test will also receive a zero for that work only – everyone is allowed one bad decision (but only one).  A second instance of cheating will result in an “F” for the course.  You must pass both the lab and the lecture to pass the course (get an “F” in either and you will get an “F” for the course).

Grading scale:
90 - 100%:       A
80 - 89%:         B
70 - 79%          C
60 - 69%          D
<60%               F

            Grades may be subject to some curving after all points are totaled at the end of the semester.  You
will be notified of such at that time.

            The tentative point total for the course is 900 points (see below).  I reserve the right to add or delete
a couple of assignments/quizzes at my discretion, though this is UNLIKELY.

4 exams @ 100 points each                 400
Final Exam                                          150
4 Lab Practicals                                  350 ±
Total: 900

You may drop/withdraw from the course without penalty until Thursday, June 8, 2023.

DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSE:   This course introduces you to basic anatomical terminology,
as well as basic chemistry, necessary to understand the functioning (physiology) of the body.  Also covers basic
cell and tissue types, and the following systems: skin (integument), skeletal (and joints), muscular, nervous (including
the special senses), and endocrine.  The underlying themes are the importance of understanding the chemistry
(physiology) of the different systems and how the interactive physiology of the systems works to maintain
homeostasis (and therefore life).

COURSE OBJECTIVES:   Upon completion of this course, you should be able to: 

1. Accurately use basic anatomical and directional terminology
2.  Understand the fundamental concepts and principles of biochemistry, cell biology, and histology.  
3. Identify the basic cell types and structures of the following systems: 
        Integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous and endocrine 
4. Demonstrate an understanding of how the above systems function in a healthy human. 
5. Demonstrate an understanding of the concept of homeostasis and the role each system plays in maintaining
homeostasis in a healthy human body.

TIPS FOR SUCCESS: Many students do not seem to realize that there are differences between high
school science courses and college sciences courses. For those of you taking this Anatomy & Physiology
course, most of you have been exposed to General Biology at the college level and so have an idea of how
much work is necessary outside of class to succeed .  Even so, the amount of material covered in and the
pace of this course may seem significant, so it is important to come to class each day prepared.  This means
you will need to read ahead on the assignments, and also study outside of class (a minimum of 8-10 hours
per week is recommended).  It is extremely dangerous to fall behind in this course, as it is extremely
difficult to catch up.  If you were one of those students who could make “C’s”, or even “B’s” or “A’s”, in
high school without studying, more power to you.  However, that strategy will be guaranteed to fail in this
class.  Additionally, you are expected to demonstrate both analytical and critical thinking skills in this class,
which means you will be asked with some frequency to distinguish between very similar answers, as well as
apply information you know to novel situations.  Perhaps the most important thing to remember is to ask
.  In class, do not hesitate to raise your hand when you are confused, and be sure to jot down
questions to be asked later while you are studying.  There is no better way to learn material than to ASK!! 
If you do not understand and do not ask, then you put yourself in an extremely dangerous situation since a
lot of information you will be expected to learn builds on other material you will be expected to know!  I
will be happy to help as much as I can, but I can’t help you beyond my lectures if you don’t ask for help.


Emergency Instructional Plan:      

Should it be necessary that we miss classes due to inclement weather or coronavirus, please refer to the schedule of readings/exercises on the syllabus and my faculty website at and complete the indicated readings/exercises. Obviously, we can continue online even if inclement weather or coronavirus does keep us from coming to campus. We MAY be able to do limited group field trips, IF people are still well and the college has been closed, but don’t count on it. Do not forget that I have a special link on my website specifically for test dates and due dates, so it should be easy to remind yourself if the due date for some quiz/collection update/test is fast approaching.

(Last modified by the Faculty Senate and approved by the JEDI Committee April 2021)

Diversity enriches human interaction and learning. Different perspectives lead to innovative, sustainable solutions for our most persistent and challenging problems. When we engage and learn from each other, we thrive. Thus, we embrace diverse communities; we respect and value their unique experiences and contributions. Everyone in our community has a responsibility to ensure that all feel secure and welcome, that the contributions of all individuals are respected, and that all voices are heard.

CARE Team:    (Last modified and reaffirmed June 2021)

The Campus Assessment, Response, and Evaluation Team, also known as CARE, at Dalton State College engages in proactive and collaborative approaches to identify and assess students who are potentially distressed or may exhibit concerning behaviors. The CARE team is an interdisciplinary assessment group comprised of both faculty and staff. In order to ensure the well-being and safety of our students, please submit concerns via the online CARE Referral Form.

BASIC NEEDS STATEMENT (Affirmed by the Faculty Senate, June 2021)

Any student facing food insecurity or not having a safe and reliable place to sleep is urged to utilize available resources for students enrolled at Dalton State. For assistance accessing food, please visit the free Birdfeeder (a supplemental student pantry) located in The Nest found on the lower level of the Pope Student Center. All currently enrolled Dalton State students are eligible, and no proof of need is required. For those who lack a safe and stable place to live, or have other needs, please contact the Dean of Students Office at or call 706-272-4428, Linea de asistencia en Español: 706-712-4573.

Disability Access  
(From the Disability Access website, reaffirmed June 2021)

Students with disabilities or special needs are encouraged to contact Disability Access. In order to make an appointment or to obtain information on the process for qualifying for accommodations, the student should visit the Disability Access Library Guide or contact the Disability Access office.

Contact information
Andrea Roberson, Associate Director of Disability Access and Student Support Services Pope Student Center, upper level 706-272-2524

Crisis Resources

A mental health crisis can happen to anyone. If you are experiencing suicidal thoughts, thoughts of harming yourself or others, or experiencing a crisis event, then contact any of the numbers below to receive support 24/7/365.

Georgia Crisis and Access Line: 1-800-715-4225

Tennessee Crisis Phone Line:    1-855-274-7471

Suicide Prevention Lifeline:      1-800-273-8255

Crisis Text Line:                       Text “HOME” to 741741

Trevor Lifeline (LGBTQ+):       1-866-488-7386

Ethical Conduct (Last modified and reaffirmed June 2021)

Academic Dishonesty:          
Cheating, plagiarism, and engaging in any behavior prohibited by faculty are part of the Dalton State Code of Conduct, which can be found in its most updated form as at Dalton State Student Code of Conduct. ANY assistance provided or given in any way toward work in a class constitutes cheating unless such behavior is authorized by your instructor. Additionally, any use of the ideas or words of others should be noted, or this will constitute plagiarism. Using another students’ work or collaborating on an assignment not designated as collaborative is unacceptable. Furthermore, presenting work that was completed for another class, while not plagiarism technically, is not the same as presenting original work and is therefore unacceptable unless it has been authorized by your instructor. Using a private company to complete work for you is contract cheating and is also against the Student Code of Conduct. For more details on what Dalton State considers to be Academic Dishonesty, please review the Student
Code of Conduct. Instructors will assign grades based on classroom performance. Additional sanctions may be provided as a learning experience from the Student Conduct process.

Classroom Behavior: Dalton State is committed to respect via the Roadrunner Respect pledge. To learn more, please visit Roadrunner Respect. “I pledge to show my fellow Roadrunner students, faculty, staff, and administration respect by treating others the way they want to be treated and by thinking about others first before making decisions that might affect them.”

House Bill 280
House Bill 280 commonly known as the “campus carry” legislation, is effective as of July 1, 2017. For information regarding HB 280, please visit --

Course Withdrawal Statement
(Last modified and reaffirmed June 2021)

The last day to drop this class without penalty (a W) is Friday, October 15, 2021. If you submit the online form to drop the course by this date, you will be assigned a grade of W. After this date, withdrawal without penalty is permitted only in cases of Extreme Hardship as determined by the Dean of Students and a Hardship Withdrawal Committee; otherwise, a grade of WF will be issued. Students who fail to complete the official drop/withdrawal procedure will receive the grade of F. All Hardship Withdrawal decisions are communicated to students via their DSC email, and appropriate administrative offices are notified. Withdrawal from class is a student responsibility. The grade of W counts as hours attempted for the purposes of financial aid.

Full Withdrawal Statement

(Last modified and reaffirmed June 2021)

The proper form for withdrawing from all classes at the college after the official drop/add period but before the published withdrawal date (Academic Campus Calendar) is the Schedule Adjustment Form. All students must meet with a staff member at the Dean of Students office in the upper-level of the Pope Student Center to initiate the withdrawal process and complete an exit interview. After meeting with the staff member, students will then finalize the withdrawal process in the Enrollment Services Office.

Grade Appeals

A student may file a formal challenge to a grade if there is unequivocal evidence that one or more of the following applies:

a)       It was a direct result of arbitrary and capricious conduct on the part of the instructor;

b)      The instructor discriminated against the student on the basis of a protected classification as the term is defined by Federal Law, Georgia State Law, or the Administrative Code of the City of Dalton;

c)       The grade was incorrectly calculated;

d)      A clerical error occurred in recording the grade; or

e)       A mitigating circumstance prevented the student from completing a final assignment or attending the final exam.

To appeal a grade, the student must notify the instructor in writing no later than two days after the posting of final grades. See Grade Changes and Appeals [ix] for the complete documentation.

Academic Progression

To remain in academically good standing, students must maintain an institutional GPA of 2.0 or higher.  Students who do not maintain a 2.0 move through a sequence of statuses ranging from Academic Warning to Academic Probation to Academic Suspension to Academic Dismissal.  See Academic Progress [x] for the complete documentation.

Title IX Information

Student Sexual Misconduct Policy

(Last Modified May 2018)

In accordance with federal and state law including, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII), the University System of Georgia (USG) prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any of its education programs or activities or in employment. The USG is committed to ensuring the highest ethical conduct of the members of its community by promoting a safe learning and working environment. To that end, this Policy prohibits Sexual Misconduct, a form of sex discrimination, as defined herein.

Please visit the
Title IX at Dalton State web page [xii] for additional information on the policy [xiii] , How to Report [xiv] , Resources [xv] , and Training.

Student Well Being

The Dalton State College Counseling Center (DSCCC) provides brief mental health services to currently enrolled students. All services are free and confidential. We also provide referrals to community resources for more comprehensive support such as medication management, ongoing help for chronic mental health concerns, and more. To schedule a free consultation, visit and complete the “Phone Consultation Request” form or call 706-272-4430. 

Officially Approved DSC Groups and Activities: 
When students are engaged in officially approved Dalton State groups or activities that require them to
participate in events off campus during school days, they shall be treated similarly to any faculty or staff
member acting in that same capacity. Thus, just as faculty and staff have excused absences from their
regular work schedules, students shall be excused from class without penalty if they are off campus
representing Dalton State College in an approved, official capacity during their regular class time.
Examples include presenting a paper or otherwise participating in a conference, attending a University
System student affairs event, participating in intercollegiate competition (athletic or academic), partici-
pating in an approved field trip, etc. Just as faculty and staff members are required to submit Request
to Travel forms for approval, in order to be excused, the student needs to provide the following informa-
tion to the instructor prior to the date when he/she will be absent from class:

  • notification of event (in the case of athletics, students should provide each instructor a schedule of
    away events at the beginning of the semester or as soon as possible after the schedule is available);
  • estimated time of departure from and return to campus (for example, if a student has an away game
    in the evening and will not be leaving campus until 3:00, he/she will not be excused from classes
    prior to that time on that day; similarly if the event is in the morning and the student will be returning
    to campus during the day, he/she is expected to attend any class scheduled after the return trip); and
  •  contact information for the person or organization sponsoring/authorizing the student’s participation
    in the event.

The student shall be allowed to make up any work missed during the time he/she is off campus repre-
senting DSC in an official capacity. He/she shall discuss what will be missed with the instructor and make
arrangements to make up any assignments, tests, presentations, etc. that were scheduled on that date.


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