Entomology -- Biology 1224
Faculty Index Page
James K Adams, firstname.lastname@example.org
Directions to John
Lugthart's House for nighttime collecting -- Night to be determined
You can arrive as early as 6:30 for a little daytime collecting as well.
Directions to Taylor's Ridge for collecting Buck Moths -- Time to be announced
You should arrive mid morning (10:00). Buck Moths typically fly until
around 1:00 p.m., though may fly a bit later in good years.
Outline of the classification of
So, who is really related to whom in the Hexapods? Check this out
Bug of the Week
Tests on file in the library -- Click on the Biology tab and then the appropriate tests for 1224
Answers for tests on file in the Library:
Week 4 -- Noninsect Hexapoda, Apterygota, Paleoptera
Week 5 -- Orthopteroid Orders
Week 6 -- Hemipteroid Orders
Week 7 -- Neuropteroid Orders
Week 7/8 -- Coleoptera
Week 8/9 -- Hymenoptera
Week 9 -- Mecopteroid Orders (including Diptera)
Week 10 -- Lepidoptera
Week 11 -- Internal Anatomy
Week 12 -- Sense Organs; link to "The Compound Eye"
Week 12 & 13 -- Interactions with other organisms; includes Pest Management
Vertebrate - Insect interactions: Coloration -- crypsis, aposematism, mimicry
Plant - Insect interactions: Pollination
Insect - Insect interactions: phoresy, predation, parasitism (parasitoids)
Week 14/15 -- Behavior and Communication, Circadian Rhythms, and Social Behavior
Week 15 -- Seasonality and Thermoregulation
Exam and quiz dates
List of potential taxa for identification quiz
Lecture Images --
Molting (Chapter 3)
Insect flight -- dragonfly wingbeat
Reproductive structures (Chapter 4)
Central Nervous System
Interaction images -- See above under Week 12 & 13
Muscular Thermogenesis -- Feralia major, a winter noctuid moth; video courtesy of Colby McHenry, Jan. 2017
of INSECTS (primitive hexapods not included)
Representatives of Orders, Suborders and Families of hexapods:
Pictures from many orders and many families
Bug Guide at http://bugguide.net/
Parainsecta (Proturans, Collembolans)
Apterygota (Archeognatha, Thysanura)
Paleoptera (Ephemeroptera, Odonata)
Page 2: The Orthopteroid Orders
Mantid eating vertebrate
Mantophastmatodea -- this is an ORDER of insects discovered very recently (last ten years)
Page 3: The Hemipteroid Orders (excluding Heteroptera)
Heteroptera -- Hemiptera: see pages 8 - 13 in this very nice article
Page 4: A few more Hemiptera; Homoptera
More at Bugguide.net
From the Bug Guide (except for the "Georgia Lepidoptera" website): All orders from here on are
Neuropteroid orders (excluding beetles)
Strepsiptera (Twisted-winged parasites)
Coleoptera (Beetles) several pages
Hymenopteroid orders: Hymenoptera
Mecoptera (Scorpionflies and Hangingflies)
Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Georgia Lepidoptera (my website)
Bug guide pages
Useful Websites with information and pictures:
Discover Life -- Insects
Tree of Life Website -- From the introductory page, click on the "Popular Pages"
link, then on the "Insecta" link. This website has nice introductory information
and pictures for all hexapod groups; from the insect page, you can click on the
"Other Hexapod" links to get to the Proturans, Collembolans and Diplurans
Bug Guide -- great assortment of pictures for all orders and most families I have you
know something about.
DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSE:
This course should be a LOT of fun! We will start with a discussion on what
exactly makes and insect an insect, and what other groups of organisms are
related to them. This will be followed by a brief discussion on why we should be
interested in studying insects. I will then give a quick overview of some basic
biological concepts that you would need to have to understand basic biology of
any living creature. Then we will discuss the basics of external and internal
anatomy (with a bit of physiology thrown in) of insects and metamorphosis. An
overview of the major groups of insects will then follow, with extra laboratory
discussion. The semester will end with more detail on the biology of insects,
such as predatory defense, injurious and beneficial insects, chemical/visual
communication and reproduction, and social behavior.
COURSE OBJECTIVES: Upon completion of this course, you should be able to
1. Indicate the importance of entomology in terms of the impact on human lives.
a. Indicate some examples of beneficial insects (pollination, food, silk, etc.)
b. Indicate some examples of harmful insects (pests on: crops, wood, animals, us!)
2. Identify different classes of arthropods, and be able to indicate distinguishing characteristics.
3. Identify several (not all!) different orders and families of insects, and indicate some basic
4. Recognize and name basic external structures of insects.
5. Describe some of the basic internal systems and organs of insects
6. Understand the basics of metamorphosis, and indicate some insects that exhibit the different
types of metamorphosis.
7. Indicate some mechanisms insects exhibit to defend themselves from predators.
8. Understand the importance of communication in insects, and how this is necessary for social
9. Use a dichotomous key for identification of not only insects, but any group of organisms.
TIPS FOR SUCCESS:
It is important that you keep a few things in mind so that you may more easily succeed in Biology 1224. First and foremost, if you have questions about any entomological topic we have discussed, ASK!! There is no better way to learn material that you are in any way confused by than to ask questions. Hopefully my lectures and the book will provide you what you need, but I can clarify anything you wish to have clarified. Speaking of the book, another way to insure success is to stay ahead in the reading. In other words, come to class prepared. This way you will likely be able to sit back and listen when I lecture, as you will have already read something on the topics being covered.
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